The living conditions of not all countries are favorable. In general, people want to live in developed economies, jobs, robust health systems, education, and national security. The UN has developed the Human Development Index (HDI) to determine which countries are “developed countries.” The human development index is measured by factors such as life expectancy, per capita revenue, and education in a country’s human development. There is broad education, health care, strong economy, long service life, and stable government in high human development countries.
Which countries in 2021 are the most livable in the world?
Canada, The United States, Norway, & Australia.
Which country is 2021’s worst?
Niger is the worst nation to live in based on HDI. Niger is a country in the Subsahara that has 22.4 million inhabitants. Similar problems occur in other countries like poverty, poor health, lack of education, child labor, etc.
The ten lowest human development indexes countries are as follows:
|Human Development Index:||0.354|
Mozambique is a country bordering the Indian Ocean on the East and South Africa on the Southwest in Southeast Africa. Mozambique is one of the world’s most poverty-stricken and least grown countries, despite an average annual GDP growth rate of around 8 percent between 1994 and 2006. The IMF classifies Mozambique as a highly indebted developing nation. Three-quarters of Mozambican people said their economic status was the same or worse in the last five years in a 2006 survey. Mozambique has been one of the world’s highest annual average GDP growth since 2001. However, the nation is still one of the world’s poorest and least developed countries, with low per capita GDP, human development, inequality measures, and average life expectancy.
|Human Development Index:||0.435|
Liberia is a country on the western coast of Africa, officially the Republic of Liberia. The American Liberian rooted in the South American antebellum were their religious practices, social customs, and cultural standards. The settlers wore their hair and tails onto those of the southern slave owners and shaped their homes. A third of Liberian married women aged 15–19 years old are married in polygamous ways. Men can have up to four wives by the customary law. Inadequate schools, supplies, and a lack of skilled teachers hinder the country’s education sector. By the time the civil war ended in 2003, around 95% of the country’s medical facilities were destroyed. According to an Overseas Development Institute report, private health expenditure accounts for 64.1 percent of total health spending. In Liberia’s post-conflict era, rape and sexual assault are frequent, making it the worst country in 2021.
|Human Development Index:||0.427|
Mali is a landlocked West African country. Several sub-Saharan ethnic groups are part of Mali’s population. The Bambara religion constitutes 36.5% of the population and is by far the largest ethnic group. In Mali, approximately 800,000 people come from slaves. For centuries, slavery has been going on in Mali. There is a shortage of rural schools in rural areas and a lack of teachers and materials in the education system.
Mali faces numerous challenges to its health in connection with poverty, malnutrition, insufficient hygiene, and sanitation are some of the worst indicators of health and development in the world. That’s why it ranked on number eight as the worst country to live in in 2021.
7. Burkina Faso
|Human Development Index:||0.423|
Burkina Faso is an area of approximately 274,200 square kilometers in Western Africa bordered by Mali in the northwest. Burkina Faso is a developing country with lots of lands and sufficient rainfall. The economy’s vulnerability to external shocks contributes to irregular rainfall patterns, poor soil, the lack of appropriate communication and infrastructure. About 80% of the population is involved in livelihood agriculture, and cotton is the principal cash crop. There are few natural resources and a weak industrial base in the country. In rural populations, even high rates of food insecurity and the associated effects are even more prevalent. Rural areas have much-limited access to health services and having lower awareness towards children’s education.
6. Sierra Leone
|Human Development Index:||0.419|
The West African Atlantic Ocean country is Sierra Leone. The beaches of white sand are well-known on the peninsula of Freetown. Sierra Leone’s economic activity decreased by the 1990s, and economic infrastructure deteriorated seriously. Most of the formal economy in the country’s civil war was destroyed over the next decade. Sierra Leone started recovering since the end of hostilities in January 2002. It is a secular state officially. The two main religions in the nation are Islam and Christianity. Medical facilities to many villagers cannot access doctors and hospitals frequently. Although free healthcare can be provided in some villages, medical staff are poorly paid and sometimes charge for their services, taking advantage of the fact that the residents do not know their right to free healthcare.
|Human Development Index:||0.417|
Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is one of Africa’s smallest countries. It is mainly engaged in agricultural and pasture subsistence, which has led to deforestation, soil erosion, and habitat loss. By 2005, it had almost completely deforested, with less than 6% of its land covered by trees and more than half commercial plants. Burundians often face corruption, poor infrastructure, poor access to health, education, and hunger, besides poverty. Burundi is thickly populated, and many young people are migrating to other places to look for opportunities. Burundi was ranked as the 5th poorest country in the world in the United Nations Human Development Index.
|Human Development Index:||0.404|
Chad is a landlocked state in north-central Africa and ranked as the fourth poorest country globally by the UN Human Development Index, with 80 percent of the population living under the poverty line. In 2009, GDP per capita (purchasing power parity) was estimated to be US$1,651. Since 2001 Chad has suffered from a humanitarian crisis. The country of Chad is home to more than 280 000 refugees, 55,000 from the CAF, and more than 170, 000 internally displaced persons from Darfur in Sudan since 2008.
Because of the country’s dispersed population and some reluctance of parents to send their children to school, education providers face significant challenges. Although it is mandatory to attend, only 68% of children attend primary school, and more than half the population is illiterate.
3. South Sudan
|Human Development Index:||0.388|
South Sudan is a landlocked country of East-Central Africa. It suffered ethnic violence and waged civil Wars characterized by rampant abuses of human rights. In 2013, Salva Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar entered into a united agreement with a united coalition government. They formed a government that paved the way for refugees to return home, including ethnic massacres and killings of all sides by journalists from 2013 to 22 February 2020. South Sudan is the 3rd lowest on the global peace index in 2019 as stated by the last UN World Happiness Report and the 3rd lowest on the American Peace Fund. There are many challenges like facing the water supply in South Sudan. While the White Nile is through the land, water in areas not on the river is scarce during the dry season.
2. The Central African Republic
|Human Development Index:||0.367|
The Central African Republic is a Central African landlocked country. The border is north of Chad, north-east Sudan, and south-east of Sudan. The Central African Republic is among the ten poorest countries worldwide, with the lowest GDP per capita on purchasing power parities by 2017, despite the substantial mineral deposits and other resources, such as uranium reserves, gold, diamonds, cobalt, wood, and hydropower. By 2019, the Human Development Index (HDI) indicated that the country had the second-lowest level of human development (only behind Niger), ranked 188th out of 189 countries, while the country ranked 150th out of 150 countries with the lowest inequality-adjusted human growth index (HDI). It is also considered to be the worst country to be young and the unhealthiest one.
|Human Development Index:||0.354|
Niger is the Niger River landlocked country in West Africa. It was ranked 187th of 188 countries by 2015, 189th of 189 countries by the 2018 and 2019 reporting by HDI. Niger is a developing country that is consistently close to the bottom in the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI). Many of the country’s non-desert regions are threatened with regular drought and wilderness because of the landlocked position, desert terrain, inefficient agriculture, high birth control, and resulting overcrowded fertility rates. Niger is facing serious development challenges, poor education level, people’s poverty, lack of infrastructure, lack of health care, and environmental degradation. In rural areas, a vast majority of the people are living with little access to advanced education.
While less developed countries are endowed with resources and support for their development, they continue to encounter unstable governments, poor economies, diseases, conflicts, and other widespread problems. It is irresistible to live in as and categorized among the worst countries.