Age of Consent by Country in 2021 !

Age of consent legislation varies widely across the world, even when underage adults are more than 14 in most countries, at 12 in some other countries like Angola and the Philippines, and 13 in South Korea and Japan. Moreover, many countries ask people to be married before they can legally have sex, mainly in Asia and Africa. They all are strongly patriarchal on sex and sexual problems like in Libya, Afghanistan, and Saudi Arabia. 

While most European countries are 16-17 years of consent age, many other countries, including Malta and the Vatican City, also have rules of consent greater than the norm, which mandate young adults to be at least 18 before having sex lawfully. The least age of consent in Europe is Austria at the age of 14.

The highest age of consent in the Americas, Chile, Argentina, and many other countries is 18 years old.

What is Age Of Consent?

The consent age is the legal age at which a person is deemed sufficiently competent to commit to sex. In certain countries and where the partners are less than the age of consent, sexual relation with anyone under the Age of Consent may be called statutory rape.

What is the current situation of the Age of Consent Around the World?

The minimum age of consent ranges from one nation to another from eleven to 21 years. There is no legal term of consent in certain countries, but all sexual activities outside marriage are banned.

In which countries do sex is considered illegal between unmarried people?

There are 13 nations with no age of lawful consent, and in these realms, only if they are married will they participate in sexual intercourse. The main population in these countries is Islamic countries. It also includes Sudan and Libya in the United Arab Emirates and Yemen in Africa, Iran, Afghanistan, Kuwait, the Maldives, Pakistan, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Qatar.

What are the Lowest and Highest Ages of Consent By Country?

The age of consent could be a very blurred field in some areas, mostly in less developed countries, and offenses may not be taken severely. Few areas have no specific age of consent, making them more easily interpretable than countries with more specific rules.

In Bahrain, the world’s maximum age of consent is 21. South Korea is 20 years of age of consent, while the rest have 16-18 years of consent. In Nigeria, the world’s lowest age of consent is 11. In the Philippines and Angola, 12 years are consenting, and in Burkina Faso, Comoros, Niger, and Japan, 13 years are consenting. Japan is also the only developed nation with the lowest consent age list, but laws in the local prefecture expand the effective age to 16-18 years in most countries.

Moreover, some countries in the Middle East and Africa have no legal age of consent, but all sexual acts beyond marriage are prohibited. Especially in some nations where girls are married at 9 or 10.

Below are the countries with lowest ages of consent:

  1. Angola -12 years
  2. Philippines -12 years
  3. Western Sahara -13 years
  4. Comoros -13 years
  5. Burkina Faso -13 years
  6. Niger -13 years
  7. South Korea -13 years
  8. Japan -13 years
  9. San Marino -14 years
  10. Liechtenstein -14 years

Well, here is the overview of the highest and lowest Ages of Consent Around The World!

CountryAge of Consent 
Angola12
Philippines12
Western Sahara13
Comoros13
Burkina Faso13
Niger13
South Korea13
Japan13
San Marino14
Liechtenstein14
Micronesia14
Sao Tome And Principe14
Cape Verde14
Montenegro14
Mauritius14
Estonia14
Timor Leste14
Macedonia14
Albania14
Bosnia And Herzegovina14
Bulgaria14
Paraguay14
Serbia14
Austria14
Hungary14
Portugal14
Bolivia14
Chad14
Ecuador14
Malawi14
Madagascar14
Peru14
Colombia14
Myanmar14
Italy14
Germany14
Dr Congo14
Bangladesh14
Brazil14
China14
Monaco15
Aruba15
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines15
Kiribati15
Iceland15
Solomon Islands15
Slovenia15
Uruguay15
Croatia15
Costa Rica15
Slovakia15
Denmark15
Laos15
Honduras15
Sweden15
Greece15
Czech Republic15
Guinea15
Cambodia15
Syria15
Romania15
North Korea15
Poland15
France15
Thailand15
Cook Islands16
Palau16
Saint Kitts And Nevis16
American Samoa16
Marshall Islands16
Dominica16
Andorra16
Antigua And Barbuda16
Tonga16
Grenada16
Guam16
Saint Lucia16
Samoa16
Barbados16
Vanuatu16
Bahamas16
Belize16
Brunei16
Suriname16
Luxembourg16
Fiji16
Swaziland16
Trinidad And Tobago16
Latvia16
Guinea Bissau16
Lesotho16
Botswana16
Namibia16
Lithuania16
Armenia16
Jamaica16
Mongolia16
Georgia16
Moldova16
Mauritania16
New Zealand16
Norway16
Finland16
Singapore16
Turkmenistan16
Kyrgyzstan16
Togo16
Switzerland16
Israel16
Papua New Guinea16
Belarus16
Tajikistan16
Azerbaijan16
Jordan16
Cuba16
Belgium16
Zimbabwe16
Netherlands16
Senegal16
Zambia16
Kazakhstan16
Sri Lanka16
Taiwan16
Australia16
Cameroon16
Venezuela16
Nepal16
Ghana16
Malaysia16
Uzbekistan16
Canada16
Ukraine16
Algeria16
Spain16
South Africa16
United Kingdom16
Russia16
Indonesia16
United States16
Nauru17
Cyprus17
Ireland17
Mexico17
Vatican City18
Northern Mariana Islands18
Seychelles18
Malta18
Bhutan18
Djibouti18
Equatorial Guinea18
Gabon18
Gambia18
Eritrea18
Panama18
Central African Republic18
Liberia18
Republic Of The Congo18
El Salvador18
Nicaragua18
Lebanon18
Sierra Leone18
Dominican Republic18
South Sudan18
Haiti18
Tunisia18
Burundi18
Benin18
Rwanda18
Somalia18
Guatemala18
Chile18
Mali18
Ivory Coast18
Iraq18
Argentina18
Uganda18
Kenya18
Tanzania18
Turkey18
Vietnam18
Egypt18
Ethiopia18
Nigeria18
India18
Niue19
Bahrain21

Age of Consent in Russia 

Russia requires an age of 16 years for consent. Individuals aged 15 or under in Russia cannot agree to sexual intercourse lawfully, leading to civil rape proceedings or the corresponding local law. Russia’s consent age has changed over and over again. The Criminal Code of the RSFSR expresses that permission is given when “sexual maturity” has been achieved. Russia’s statutory rape law is infringed if an individual has voluntary sexual contact with an individual under 16.

Age Of Consent, Russia

Age of Consent in Canada 

Canada has 16 years of age of consent.  The legislation provides an exception for ‘close-in-age people who may, thus, be 14- and 15-year-olds under five years and who are 12- and 13-year-olds who are under two years old agree to a partner. Persons aged 15 or younger in Canada cannot be lawful to sexual intercourse, which lawfully can result in legal rape proceedings or local counterpart law.

Age Of Consent, Canada

Age of Consent in China 

China has 14 years of age of consent.  The two regions of China, Macau and Hong Kong have territorial age of consent regulation in their own right. Macau, like China, is 14 years old when it comes to approval. Hong Kong has 16 years of age of consent. Persons of thirteen or younger ages are not legal in China and can be persecuted for legal abuse or the same local law. In China, sexual intercourse is not permissible.

Age Of Consent, China

Age of Consent in United States

The United States has 16 years of age of consent because of a strange distortion of Texas law. Any State has local legislation establishing an age of consent and related laws, including closely in the case of age exemptions. That’s why it can vary from 16, 17 to 18. In the USA, statutory rape law is infringed. The age of consent is from 16 to 18 years in all States.

Age Of Consent, United States

Age of Consent in Brazil

Brazil has 14 years of age for consent. While not legal, a judicial decision provides an exception to the age of 12–13 to participate in sexual activity to the age of 5. Individuals 13 years of age or younger are not constitutionally permitted in Brazil to consent, leading to the enforcement of statutory rape or local analogous legislation. If someone has consensual sexual intercourse with a minor under 14, Brazil’s legal rape statute is broken. A close exception enables children between 12 and 13 years to have sexual intercourse with partners under five.

Age Of Consent, Brazil

Age of Consent in Australia

Australia has 16 years of age of consent. Australia’s civil violations of rape law allow each territory of Australia too has their local legislation that stipulates an age of consent ranging from a low age of 16 to a high of 17. 

Age Of Consent, Australia

Age of Consent in India

India is 18 years old with the age of consent.  India violates statutory rape law if a person has mutual sexual relations with someone younger than 18. If the pair are married, the age of consent decreases to 15 years.

Age Of Consent, India

Age of Consent in Saudi Arabia

The legal age of consent is not allowed for Saudi Arabia since marriage is required legal before sex is legalized. When no age restriction is applied to marriage, married people do not necessarily have an age of consent. No age of consent is available in Saudi Arabia since all non-marriage sexual intercourse is illegal. While the parental agreement is necessary, Qatar has no marriage age limits.

Age Of Consent, Saudi Arabia

Age of Consent in Japan

Japan has a 13-year age of consent.  In Japan, people aged 12 and under are not lawfully able and can contribute to the conviction of statutory rape or similar local legislation about their sexual conduct.

Age Of Consent, Japan

Age of Consent in Germany

In Germany, the age of consent is fourteen. Germany’s statutory rape statute is broken if a person under the age of 21 has a mutually agreed sexual relationship with a person under the age of 14 without abusing their lack of desire to act for themselves. 

Age Of Consent, Germany

Age of Consent in Mexico

Mexico has 17 years of age of consent. Individuals in Mexico aged 16 and under are not legally allowed to agree to sexual intercourse and can result in legal rape proceedings or local similar law proceedings.

The constitutional violation of Mexico’s rule of Mexico’s age of consent ranges between provinces, from 16 to 18. Several regulations range from state to state relating to consent.

Age Of Consent, Mexico

Age of Consent in Pakistan

No minimum age of consent has been set in Pakistan since marriage is constitutionally mandatory before sexual intercourse. When no age restriction is applied to marriage, married people do not necessarily have an age of consent. In Pakistan, by no means age of consent because all non-marriage sexual intercourse is illegal. Men are at least 18 years old, and women are at least 16 years young, while women can be married at 14.

Age Of Consent, Pakistan

Age of Consent in France

France has 15 years of age of consent. In France, individuals aged 14 or under are not legal to consent, leading to legal rape or similar local legislation being prosecuted.

In consent sexual relations with a minor under 15 years of age, France is abused by criminal law on rape. The age of consent increases to 18 when the senior individual has ascendant or moral or substantive jurisdiction over the victim.

Age Of Consent, France

Age of Consent in Italy

Italy has 14 years’ age of consent. Individuals 13 and under are not legal in Italy and can prosecution for legal rape and the equivalent of local law. In Italy, the right to sexual contact cannot be allowed. A near-age exception requires children under the age of 13 years to commit to spouses under three years.

Age Of Consent, Italy

Age of Consent in United Kingdom

The United Kingdom’s age of consent is Sixteen.  The States Members breaks the federal United Kingdom rape law, and each of these realms has local rules on the age of approval. The age of consent is the same in both of these regions.

Age Of Consent, United Kingdom

Conclusion!

The age of consent differs state-by-state in the U.S. and on a countrywide or regional basis. For instance, in the United States, the highest age of consent is 18, mainly in eleven states – New York, California, Florida, Oregon, Iowa, Tennessee, Arkansas, Vermont, and Delaware. 

On the other hand, in the United States, the lowest age of consent is 16. This is the most common consent age, which is adopted in Massachusetts, Michigan, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Washington, Mexico City, Massachusetts, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Massachusetts, Massamota, Metropolitan Metropolis, Northern Carolina and Northern Macedonia.

Sophia Wadke
I am Shopia, a movie enthusiastic and I read lot of books, mostly of science fiction, thrillers and biography. Content writing is just my profession but my passion too.

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