The history of ancient Greek mythological gods and goddesses is extremely famous. They were popularised and then immortalized by renowned ancient Greek playwrights like Homer and Hesiod. It is the way their histories have deviated from other contemporary old religions which distinguishes the mythology behind these ancient Greek deities.
The Greek gods are like people both in shape and in composition as well as in feeling. Many of us might recall how Theseus slaughtered the Minotaur, how Hades governed the underground, and how powerful thunder Zeus showed his wrath. When we were children, we read all these fun stories. As the goddesses have been so influential, it is appropriate to mention them separately in our next article. Concerning ancient Greece’s majestic gods, let’s see how many of your favorites put it into the top 10:
|Symbol:||Talaria, caduceus, tortoise, lyre, rooster, Petasos (Winged helmet)|
|Parents:||Zeus and Maia|
Hermes was the descendant of Zeus and Maia. Also known as “the messenger.” In poetry, plays, and mythology, he was portrayed in many forms. It is common as a beautiful, athletic, beardless young person and often as an older bearded man. Hermes was a rapid and much faster thought with his motions, and for his cunning, he became popular among the gods. He also obeyed as a messenger for the gods since he would quickly travel between the three major realms of ancient Greece’s mythological paradigm: the heavens, the oceans, and the underworld.
Given the smart tricks he would play on fellow gods for his fun, he and the famous Norse god Loki will find strong parallels. It is said that when he was a kid, he leaped out of his crib, took Apollo’s cattle, and returned the clear image to the crib. He’s regarded as the God of cunning and theft.
|Symbol:||Hammer, anvil, tongs|
|Parents:||Zeus and Hera, or Hera alone|
The God of fire, Hephaestus, was popular in Greek mythology and connected with the heavenly world. Homer and Hesiod identified his origins in contrasting terms. Homer explains him as Zeus’ and Hera’s disabled son, while Hesiod goes on a very unconventional (and much harder) path by saying that he was born by Hera alone. He was born with a limp and drove his mother to throw him out of Mount Olympus, but he took part in a battle between Zeus and Hera through several accounts and finally was taken from the mighty Zeus to Olympus.
Once he fell to earth, he became an awesome artisan and finally was re-established in heaven, making many wonderful things for the gods and goddesses. It also created splendid armor and shields for the gods, the one given to Achilles in the battle of Troy being the most notable of them.
|Abode:||Mount Olympus, Thrace, Macedonia, Thebes, Sparta & Mani|
|Symbol:||Sword, spear, shield, helmet, chariot, flaming torch, dog, boar, vulture|
|Parents:||Zeus and Hera|
Ares, also recognized as the God of war, was born from Zeus and Hera. However, he reflected more than just killing for the public good, the brutal and gory nature of war. In war, he was always able to commit mayhem and was rarely interested in fighting for justice or self-defense. Both his parents were despised by his reckless deeds and instead looked at his sister Athena.
Despite the overwhelming despair of fighting, his outrageous responses to the slightest injury in the battle often made him cowardly. He loved madly Aphrodite, who had married Hephaestus already. Their affair among the Olympians was not a mystery and led to a lot of contempt. As such, Ares was never very popular with men or gods, and the masses did not imitate him or worship him.
|Abode:||Mount Othrys (formerly) Tartarus|
|Symbol:||Snake, grain, sickle, scythe|
|Parents:||Uranus and Gaia|
Cronos was thought to be the God of the rule before the Olympian era among the ancient Titans. The Titans were known for their gigantic bodies and similarly huge brutal might, of which Cronos was the greatest as he ruled his father, Uranus. But when he got to power, Cronos was very dismissive of his offspring – the most remarkable of them being Zeus, Poseidon, and Aphrodite, much like his disdainful parents.
He swallowed them in his absolute fear to save them from ever going through him. But Gaia and Rhea’s mom, his wife, was in a position to save Zeus, who, having rescued their siblings, battled him and banished him to the fearful Tartarus in the underworld. The end of Cronos marked the period of the Olympic deities, who in Greek mythology would become even more famous than their predecessors were ever.
|Symbol:||Lyre, laurel wreath, python, raven, swan, bow, and arrows|
|Parents:||Zeus and Leto|
Apollo, Artemis’s twin brother, was a multifaceted deity. His dad was Zeus, and his mother Leto was born on Delos Island – the only sanctuary from an angry Hera (no surprises there). Leto was so impressed by the treatment she got from the people of Delos that she vowed that Apollo would always favor and guarantee their success, a commitment he fulfilled. As already stated, Apollo is very contradictory in its various aspects.
He was the God of calmness and music, sometimes portrayed with a lyre. He was also a competent archer, sometimes seen with a silver arch. He was the God of cure and medicine, but when angry, with his arrows, he would bring destruction and sorrow. He will use his four-horse wagon to pass the sun every day across the heavens to give the world light and life. As a prophetic god, he was a famous figure of oracles, and Delphi was built as a place for worship.
|Symbol:||Thyrsus, grapevine, bull, panther, ivy, goat, masks, chalice|
|Parents:||Zeus and Semele|
He was a common deity – between gods and humans alike – as the God of festivity, leisure, and wine. He is the one God who, as his mother, Semele, had a mortal parent, and Zeus is his father. Here, Zeus’s wife Hera was jealous of her husband’s adventurous experiences beyond their wedding and was raised under Mountain nymphs. Dionysus steadily developed a followers’ cultivation that would accompany him on his world trips.
He interacted far more with his disciples than the other gods, feasting, drinking, and living with them in their totality. He loved irrevocably Ariadne, who, as she slept on the island of Naxos, was despicably betrayed by Theseus. The Greeks celebrated many festivals to His name, and it would be no exaggeration to claim that he was much more famous in many parts of ancient Greece than Zeus.
|Symbol:||Rock and an eagle—the emblem of Zeus|
|Parents:||Lapetus and Asia or Clymene|
Prometheus, among the great benefactors of humanity, is one of the most famous ancient gods. He was also a Titan, his father Iapetus, but his mother was an Oceanic. As the God of foresight, he predicted that, after the war, he and the others had escaped prison in Tartarus. The Titans were defeated by new Olympian gods cleverly sidelined with the Olympians. The mission of molding humanity from the clay was then entrusted to Prometheus. If it was finished to create humans, it became very attached to them.
This prompted him to walk repeatedly with the powerful Zeus because he cared not so much about human beings. When Zeus had taken humanity’s fire, Prometheus had stolen it and returned it to human beings from heaven. Zeus blamed him for his betrayal and chained his liver every day to rock. Finally, the mighty demigod Hercules rescued him from his torment.
|Abode:||Mount Olympus, or the Sea|
|Symbol:||Trident, fish, dolphin, horse, bull|
|Parents:||Cronus and Rhea|
Poseidon drew the realm of the seas while Zeus and his brothers drew the straw to settle who was to be the ruler of which kingdom. In this way, he became the sea chief, led a party of lesser gods, including Triton and Nereid, along with his wife, Amphitrite. He was the lord of the seas and was worshipped by seafarers and travelers. However, his power reached far further. Historians call him in many ancient Greek towns a major god.
He came second only to the powerful Zeus in terms of influence. In addition to taming the force of the oceans, he also wore a trident, which with a single strike could trigger major earthquakes. At some point, he fell desperately to Demeter, who asked him if he would win her to create the most special creature. It is said that he produced a variety of animals and the first magnificent horse in his quest.
|Symbol:||Cornucopia, Cypress, Narcissus, keys, serpent, mint plant, white poplar, dog|
|Parents:||Cronus and Rhea|
Hades became the king of the underworld during the arrival of the Olympic Gods, a position where only the deceased could visit though there were quite a few exceptions to that. Of course, the rule of such a dark and dim realm rarely contributed to a positive impression, which made him less famous in Greek mythology. Yet many Greeks saw him as the embodiment of death itself (which he had not been) and paid him daily tribute for his superstition. But his wicked picture is far from what he was, so he wasn’t as horrible as we were led to believe.
Unlike popular opinion, Hades’ decision will not be carried out, but by the three demigods Minos, Aiakos, and Rhadamanthys. He also had a good contract with Hercules, who contacted him to capture his triple bull. Hades was never cut off, and he tricked Persephone to remain with him in the world with his love interests.
|Symbol:||Thunderbolt, eagle, bull, oak|
|Parents:||Cronus and Rhea|
Zeus was the God of the entire known world taken over and the Titans by the Olympians. After the conquest of the Titans, Zeus won the draw with Hades and Poseidon, the twins, who would inherit after Cronos, their father, and become the God of every sky. Zeus was married to the mother of all the gods, Hera. Still, he was also known for his romantic escape from his union.
He was revered as the lord of the gods, and he had fathered several children from all his affairs, as you may have noted by now. He built the order that became the foundation for various domains as the personification of the essence of all things. He also controlled time when the seasons change and day and night alternate. He ruled his world with utter power and authority, but he was still very unpleasant to provoke. Those who disliked him would react by throwing thunderbolts.
The old Greek gods mentioned here formed Greek mythology, which continues to charm readers and authors. These gods were vital in their fields and mythological paradigms and had a remarkable effect on ancient Greek civilizations.
Zeus of strength and power continued to reign over the kingdoms on Mount Olympus, an unquestioned monarch and emperor of all Olympian Gods. The Greek system has been mostly male (only the brothers got to divide the realms themselves). The collection of these mythical ancient Greek gods still retains a charm over historians and ordinary citizens today.