The oceans and seas are enclosing the continents provide several wonders, many of which are yet to be discovered by humans. This ocean consists of plateaus, valleys, plains, mountains and trenches and 70% of surface covers with water. These ocean also has the deepest point with deep area in the ocean. Here is a list of ten deepest oceans with their deep points, depth and location:
10.Gulf Of Mexico
|Deepest Point:||Sigsbee Deep (Mexico Basin)|
|Maximum Depth:||12,300 to 14,383 feet|
|Average Depth:||Nearly 5,200 feet|
|Location:||American Mediterranean Sea|
Gulf Of Mexico is situated between the Yucatan and Florida peninsulas, leads the list of the deepest ocean on the Earth with an average depth of 3,787 meters. The world’s largest gulf is the Gulf of Mexico and the planet’s tenth-largest body of water. Around 300 million years ago, it formed and covers 600,000 square miles. It doesn’t border only five US states: Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida but also adjoins the border of Cuba and Mexico’s part.
The black coral in the Gulf has been found to be one of the oldest living creatures on Earth. It is a particularly slow producer, which is 2,000 times slower to grow than human nails. The gulf waters are also a home for at least 49 different varieties of sharks, together with dolphins, sea turtles, whales, and manatees. But a strange fact is that not all black coral is black. Oil and natural gas are rich resources found in Gulf.
In 2014, an underwater brine pool off the coast of New Orleans was discovered in the Gulf of Mexico, called the Hot Tub of Despair. Its water is four times as salty as seawater and is also warmer. Marine creatures that wander in this area do not survive. Sigsbee Deep is the deepest part, and its depth is expected to be between 12,300 to 14,383 feet. To convert sq. km (kilometers) to sq. miles, multiply kilometers by 0.386102
|Deepest Point:||Calypso Deep (Ionian Sea)|
|Maximum Depth:||17,280 feet|
|Average Depth:||4,900 feet|
|Location:||Western Europe, Southern Europe, North Africa and Western Asia|
The Mediterranean Sea lies between southern Europe and North Africa, usually regarded as a portion of the Atlantic Ocean, but is actually a detached water body. It is obtained from the Latin word ‘mediterraneus’, which implies ‘in the middle of the land.’ It includes about 965,000 square miles called the Strait of Gibraltar. The Mediterranean Sea was a vital transportation way during ancient times. It is still an important transport route.
When Darius I of Persia defeated Egypt, he made a waterway connecting the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. It has become a primary route for migrants. In 2015, it was assumed that more than one million migrants used this route to migrate to Europe. In the Mediterranean Sea, pollution is the main concern caused by sewage, mercury, lead, phosphate, mineral oil, and marine debris.
The tides in the Mediterranean Sea are limited because of the Atlantic Ocean’s narrow connection. Due to evaporation and narrow connection, its water is a little bit saltier than the Atlantic Ocean. Because of overfishing, the European Environment Agency has claimed that 65% of fish stocks in the Mediterranean Sea are under safe biological levels. The Mediterranean sea leads the list of the deepest oceans on the earth, with an average depth of 4,632 meters.
8. Bering Sea
|Deepest Point:||Bowers Basin|
|Maximum Depth:||13,442 feet|
|Average Depth:||4892 feet|
The Bering Sea is a portion of the Northern Pacific Ocean. It is surrounded by Alaska to its east and northeast, the Kamchatka Peninsula and Russia Far East to the west, the Bering Strait to its far north, and the Aleutian Islands and the Alaska Peninsula to its south. In 1728, The Bering Sea was named after the first European to explore its waters, the Danish sailor Vitus Bering.
The Bering Sea is recognized as the ‘Donut Hole’ as it is supposed an international waters. It covers 770,000 square miles area. At one point, this sea was so shallow that people could roam from Asia to North America. It is considered to have happened at the last ice age. During this time, animals migrate in both directions from one continent to another. World’s largest canyon, Zhemchug Canyon also found here.
North Pacific Right whale, the rarest whale, also exists here along with sperm whale, beluga whale, blue whale, fin whale, sei whale, gray whale, humpback whale, and bowhead whale. More than 419 distinct fish species have been recorded to be lived in the Bering Sea. The Bering Sea leads the list of the deepest oceans on the earth, with an average depth of 4,773 meters.
7. South China Sea
|Deepest Point:||China Sea Basin|
|Maximum Depth:||16,457 feet|
|Average Depth:||3359 feet|
|Location:||Western Pacific Ocean|
The South China Sea was once identified as the Cham or the Champa Sea after the Champa kingdom. It covers 1,400,000 square miles area. It is thought that this sea was formed about 45 million years ago, resulting in the large area mentioned as ‘dangerous ground.’ It is believed to have major gas and oil reserves below the South China Sea sea level. About 30% of the world’s coral reefs are found in the South China Sea.
In the South China Sea, fisheries are a large industry. It is assumed that about 10% of the world’s marine fish is from the South China Sea. If China manages all of the South China Sea, it will restrict the capability of foreign nations to move forces via the water.
There has been news of fishermen using dynamite and poison to grab fish in the Spratly Islands of this sea, causing widespread damage to ecosystems. About 37% of reef fish and 76% of coral species are seen in the South China Sea, making its conservation unique. The South China Sea leads the list of deepest oceans on the earth, with an average depth of 5,016 meters.
6. Arctic Ocean
|Deepest Point:||Litke Deep|
|Maximum Depth:||18,210 feet|
|Average Depth:||3,406 feet|
The Arctic Ocean is situated in the northern hemisphere north of 60 degrees north latitude and adjoins the Eurasian and North American continents and encircles Greenland and various islands. It is one of the shallowest and smallest oceans that covers only or less than 3% of the surface. In winter, the Arctic Ocean is mostly blanketed with snow and is partially coated by snow over the year. In 1896, Fridtjof Nansen was the first person who cross the ocean by boat.
The Arctic Ocean is around the similar size to Russia which comprises 5,427,000 square miles area. There are three types of ice that cover the ocean that is polar, fast, and packs ice. The Arctic Ocean leads the list of deepest oceans in the earth with an average depth of 5,625 meters. There are deep trenches in the ocean and some ridges. The largest ridge is the Lomonosov Ridge, which separates it into the Amerasian Basin and the Eurasian Basin.
There are so many rivers that drain in oceans. Ob River is one of the longest rivers in the world, starts from Altay Mountains and drains in the Arctic Ocean. In any season, icebergs and ice packs will be faced in the ocean.
5. Caribbean Sea
|Deepest Point:||Cayman Trough, between the Cayman Islands and Jamaica|
|Maximum Depth:||25,217 feet|
|Average Depth:||7,220 feet|
An American mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the equator region of the Western Hemisphere is the Caribbean Sea. The whole region of the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies several islands, and nearby coasts, are acknowledged as the Caribbean. Its coastline has various bays and gulfs consists of the Gulf of Gonâve, Gulf of Venezuela, Gulf of Darién, Golfo de Los Mosquitos, Gulf of Paria and Gulf of Honduras. The Caribbean Sea leads the list of the deepest ocean on the earth with a maximum depth of 7,686 meters.
4. Southern Ocean
|Deepest Point:||Meteor Deep, South Sandwich Trench|
|Maximum Depth:||23,740 feet|
|Average Depth:||3,000 and 16,000 feet|
This ocean is also named the Antarctic or Austral Ocean. It is larger than the Arctic Ocean and smaller than the Indian and Pacific oceans. The Weddell Sea and the Somov Sea are the two biggest seas found in the Southern Sea. It contains natural resources such as oil, gas, iron, etc. The Southern Ocean leads the list of the deepest ocean on the earth with a maximum depth of 7,434 meters.
3. Indian Ocean
|Deepest Point:||Sunda Deep, Java Trench off the southern coast, Java Island, Indonesia|
|Maximum Depth:||23,812 feet|
|Average Depth:||12,274 feet|
|Location:||South and Southeast Asia, Western Asia, Northeast, East and Southern Africa and Australia|
The third-largest ocean in the world is the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Africa to the west, Asia to the north, Australia to the east and the Southern Ocean, or Antarctica to the south. It has marginal seas including the Arabian Sea, the Laccadive Sea, the Somali Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Andaman Sea.
Indian Ocean leads the list of deepest oceans in the earth with an average depth of 7,258 meters.
2. Atlantic Ocean
|Deepest Point:||Milwaukee Deep, island of Puerto Rico|
|Maximum Depth:||27,480 feet|
|Average Depth:||11,962 feet|
|Location:||lies between North and South America on the west and Europe and Africa on the east|
The second-largest ocean in the world is the Atlantic Ocean. It is known to distinguish “old world” from “new world” in European perception of the world. This ocean is divided into regions: Northern Atlantic Ocean and Southern Atlantic Ocean. There is the number of biggest seas found in the Atlantic Ocean includes Sargasso sea, Caribbean sea, Mediterranean sea, etc.
Atlantic Ocean leads the list of deepest oceans in the earth with an maximum depth of 8,376 meters. Coastal winds, water surface temperature,
1. Pacific Ocean
|Deepest Point:||Challenger Deep, Mariana Trench|
|Maximum Depth:||35,797 feet|
|Average Depth:||14,040 feet|
|Location:||The Antarctic in the South to the Arctic in the North, Asia and Australia continents on the west, North and South America on the east|
The deepest and largest oceanic division of the Earth is the Pacific Ocean. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Antarctic in the south and is lies between Asia and Australia continents in the west and America in the east.
Pacific Ocean leads the list of deepest oceans on the earth with a maximum depth of 10,911 meters. The deepest point in the universe is Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench which is situated in the western north Pacific. The second and third deepest points on the Earth are Horizon Deep in the Tonga Trench and the Sirena Deep is in the Mariana Trench. Its western part includes many marginal seas such as the South China Sea, the East China Sea, the Sea of Japan, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Philippine Sea, the Coral Sea, and the Tasman Sea.
We also mentioned the list of largest oceans in the world by area, which includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2.