World War II battles are most affected by military and political events later on. The outcome of the War itself is listed here by Professor Evan Mawdsley of the University of Glasgow. One of the deadliest incidents in human history was the Second World War (1939–1945). There were many battles in the War, which claimed over 60 million lives on every side. Some of these battles lasted minutes, while others lasted months and years. The ten big battles fought during the Second World War are listed below:
10. Battle of Kursk, From July to August 1943
From July to August 1943, the Battle of Kursk took place during World War Two. This was a series of offensives on the East Front near Kursk, 450 km southwest from Moscow between the German and Soviet forces. The German codename for the attack was Operation Citadel. The fight was the ultimate strategic offensive for the Germans, and they could launch on the Eastern Front. Since the Allied invasion of Sicily began, Adolf Hitler had to have troop training in France diverted to be a strategic reserve for the Eastern Front to address the Allied Threat in the Mediterranean. This was an unsuccessful German attempt to capture the Soviet forces and lost many men and tanks during the fight.
9. Battle of Berlin, From April to May 1945
The Berlin battle was the final major offensive for the Second World War in Europe, also known as the Berlin Strategic Operation of the Soviet Union. The German defense strategy against the Soviet attack was Operation Clausewitz. The town was assaulted from the east and south, and a third force countered the Germans on the north after the Soviet offensive resumed on April 16. The Soviet soldier has described equipment used during the attack. The Soviet Army has managed to encircle the city and Hitler’s birthday on April 20, 1945.
8. Battle of Moscow, From October 1941 to January 1942
The Battle of Moscow is a significant time of struggle between October 1941 and January 1942 on the East Front during the Second World War. At the beginning of October, the German military had come to Moscow within 200 miles of four million casualties on the Soviet side. Two pin-offensives were called for by the German strategic offensive, Operation Typhoon, one to the north of Moscow from the third to the 4th Army of Panzer, the Moscow-Leningrad Railway, and one to the south of Moscow from the western Front south of Tula, the 2nd Panzer Army, and the 4th Army from the Western Front to Moscow.
7. Second Battle of Kharkiv, May 1942
From the 12th to May 28, 1942, Kharkiv’s Second Battle runs. In the area around Charkov, it was an Axis counter-offensive against the Eastern Red Army. The aim was to eliminate the Izium bridgehead over Seversky Donets or the “Barvenki bulge,” known for the Soviet offensives that are taking place. The Kharkiv Offensive was a new attempt on the Soviet side to expand their Battle of Moscow, which led the German forces from the Soviet capitals. The Soviet forces attacked the German Sexta Army from a spectrum set up during the winter counterattack on May 12, 1942, under Marshall Semyon Timoshenko’s command.
6. Battle of Pearl Harbor, From December 7, 1941
A complete surprise, and on December 7, 1941, the devastating attack against the naval base of “Pearl Harbor” in Hawaii was perpetrated by Operation A.I. of the Japanese Imperial Army. It marked the climax of Japan’s deteriorating relations with the U.S. Once the United States fleet had left their way, and the way would open up for the Japanese to conquer South-Eastern Asia and Indonesia. On November 26, six carriers, two battleships, three cruise ships, and 11 destroyers floated in the Japanese fleet, north of Hawaii, for 275 miles. Approximately 360 aircraft were started for the last assault. The remaining four U.S. military battleships have been sunk too in this War.
5. Battle of France, From May to June 1940
The German invasion of France and the Netherlands happened in 1940. With the defeat of the Allies and conquest of France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands by German forces within a short space of six weeks starting from May 10, 1940. By enrolling in the War on June 10, 1940, Italy tried to invade France too. By June 6, 1944, all West Front land operations were completed by the German side. Two main German operations were witnessed in the Battle of France. Fall Yellow went through the Ardennes and surrounding the Allied Units to Belgium, through the blind German units in the Somme valley.
4. Battle of Britain, From July to October 1940
Hitler expected the U.K. to seek a peace settlement with Germany after France’s fall, but Britain continued fighting. Hitler plans to invade Britain to bring the war to a rapid end, called Operation Sealion. The Germans had first to secure the skies across the United Kingdom protected by the Royal Air Force to achieve the operation (RAF). Germany was opposed to having an air force after World War I, but it was restored by the Nazi government and one of the world’s most formidable air forces. The RAF confronted the Germans with the Hawker Hurricane and the Spitfire Supermarines, two of the world’s best fighter aircraft.
3. Battle of Midway, June 1942
In the Battle of Midway, the Japanese plan was to eliminate the United States’ position as a strategic power in the Pacific. The Americans were over 2 to 1 at the beginning of the battle. Between 4 and 7 June 1942, the Battle of Midway began under Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutaka Kondo and began under U.S. Administrators Chesters Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. After the Midway on the Solomon Islands, Japan has been able to replace its loss of hardware (especially aircraft transportation) and men fastly inadequate. Massively U.S. industrial, and training capabilities have helped to make losses much easier to replace.
2. Battle of Normandy, From June to August 1944
The Normandy Battle was known as the Overlord operation. During the Second World War, the Allies launched Normandy’s largest amphibious invasion of Western Europe with Operation Overload. The operation was usually called D-Day and started on June 6, 1944, at Normandy’s landings. Around 160,000 soldiers traversed the English Channels, and by the end of August, over two million Allied soldiers had reached French. Special technology to meet the conditions at the beaches in Normandy, including artificial ports called ‘mulberry ports’ and several tanks named Hobart’s Funnies, was developed during wartime.
1. Battle of Stalingrad, From July 1942 to February 1943
Germany and its allies fought in Stalingrad’s Battle to control Stalingrad’s South Russian town (currently Volgograd). The German High Command had to withdraw significant military forces from other war theatres, following its defeat in Stalingrad, to replace its losses. In August 1942, the major industrial and transport center on the Volga River guaranteed the Soviet access to the Caucasus oil wells. Intense Luftwaffe bombing, which reduced much of the city to rubble, supported the attack. The struggle went down to fighting from house to house, with reinforcements from both sides into the town.
These battles have been the most prominent and lasting impact on all the fighting during World War II.
These attacks led to millions of casualties. London, Stalingrad, and Moscow have been targeted directly. Led by generals and admirals with great strength on both sides, all battles’ success and failures paved the way for the Allies’ final victory in 1945.