In 1898, Members of the secret society practised boxing and callisthenic rituals which they believed would make them impervious to bullets.
At first, the Boxers wanted to destroy the Changing dynasty and wanted to rid China of all foreign influence.
When the Empress Dowager backed the Boxers, the Boxers turned solely to ridding China of foreigners.
On June 18, 1900, the Empress Dowager ordered all foreigners to be killed. Several foreign ministers and their families were killed before the international force could protect them
The Russo-Japanese War
War held great international significance, as it was the first all-out war of the modern era in which a non-European power defeated one of Europe’s great powers.
Popular outrage in Russia at the outcome helped lead to the Russian Revolution of 1905, a wave of unrest that lasted more than two years but did not manage to topple the tsar’s government.
A drastic change was obviously necessary for Mexico to catch up with other nations, which were developing industrially and socially.
Because of this, some historians feel that the Mexican Revolution was necessary “growing pains” for the backward nation. This is true to an extent, but this view tends to gloss over the sheer destruction wrought by ten years of war and mayhem.
Mexico is a nation with tremendous resources, including oil, minerals, agriculture and hard-working people, and its recovery from the revolution was bound to be relatively speedy. The biggest obstacle to recovery was corruption, and the 1934 election of the honest Lazaro Cardenas gave the nation a chance to get back on its feet. Today, there are few scars left from the revolution itself.
The lasting effects of the revolution have all been cultural.
The Vietnam War
War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States attempting to prevent the spread of communism. Engaged in a war that many viewed as having no way to win, U.S. leaders lost the American public’s support for the war. Since the end of the war, the Vietnam War has become a benchmark for what not to do in all future U.S. foreign conflicts.
From October 11, 1899 until May 31, 1902, the Second Boer War was fought in South Africa between the British and the Boers.
World War I
World War I was an extremely bloody war that engulfed Europe from 1914 to 1919, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths and another 20 million wounded. While many hoped that World War I would be “the war to end all wars,” in actuality, the concluding peace treaty set the stage for World War II.
This civil war is often said to have started in 1918, but bitter fighting began in 1917. October 1917 produced a civil war between the Bolshevik government who had just seized power and a number of rebel armies. Although most of the war was over by 1920, it took until 1922 for the Bolsheviks, who held the industrial heartland of Russia from the start, to crush all opposition.
In the final days of 1958, ragged rebels began the process of driving out forces loyal to Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. By New Year’s Day, the nation was theirs, and Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Raul Castro, Camilo Cienfuegos and their companions rode perfectly into Havana and history. The revolution began long before, however, and the eventual rebel triumph was the result of many years of hardship, guerrilla warfare and propaganda battles.
The Armenian Genocide refers to the killing of some 1.5 million Armenians at the hands of the Ottoman Empire beginning in 1915 and still ignites impassioned conflict that threatens diplomatic relations to this day. In the United States, some legislators in Congress have repeatedly tried to gain passage of a resolution that would recognized the killings as genocide. This has sparked lobbying from both Armenians and Turks, and warning from Ankara that relations with Washington would be damaged if such a bill passed and was signed.
President Barack Obama promised on the campaign trail that he would recognized the Armenian Genocide if elected, but has not done so in any of his statements marking the anniversary.
The French took power in the area, and established a federation called French Indochina in 1887.
War was the French colonial regions of Southeast Asia. During the colonial era, French Indochina was made up of Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, Kwangchowan, and Laos. Today, the same region is the divided into the nations of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.
Suez crisis happened in 1956, A London newspaper seller draws attention to the people by the excellent headline reading “Call-up papers go out” during the Suez Crisis in July 1956. The nationalization of the Suez Canal by Egyptian president Nasser sparked concern about Britain’s continuing oil supply.