Largest States by Population in the U.S. in 2023

Visiting different countries in the United States can be exciting and fun for a few reasons. To name just a few, understand their culture, history, faith, and religion, so this article is for those interested and want to understand a little more about the country in which you live. More inland states, including those in the Midwest and Great Plains, tend to be less populated. California is by far the most crowded U.S. state with the most populated cities. It has almost 40 million inhabitants, which comprises 12% of the population of the country.

Firstly there is a list of the ten most populated States of the United States of America, and here you can go without any further discussion!

  1. California (Population: 40,223,504)
  2. Texas (Population: 30,345,48)
  3. Florida (Population: 22,359,25)
  4. New York (Population: 20,448,194)
  5. Pennsylvania (Population: 13,092,796)
  6. Illinois (Population: 12,807,072)
  7. Ohio (Population: 11,878,330)
  8. Georgia (Population: 11,019,186)
  9. North Carolina (Population: 10,710,558)
  10. Michigan (Population: 10,135,438)

10. Michigan

State Capital: Lansing
Major Cities:Detroit, Grand Rapids, Warren, Sterling Heights, Lansing, Ann Arbor, and Flint
Fact:Michigan is considered the U.S. automotive industry capital, with several major car companies.

Michigan consists of two distinct peninsulas and borders four Great Lakes (the Lower Peninsula and the Upper Peninsula). It has grown into one of the nation’s most yacht boating states, given its access to the Great Lakes and many smaller inland lakes. Census Bureau featured this state with population densities of 176.64 persons per square mile. Michigan Radio reports that although the Population of Michigan is ‘growing up,’ it is still hindered by decreasing birth rates.

9. North Carolina

State Capital: Raleigh
Major Cities:Raleigh, Durham, Chapel Hill, Charlotte, Asheville, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, Wilmington, Cary, High Point Fayetteville
Fact:North Carolina’s motto “first in flight” references the Wright Brothers’ strides in aviation. Their plane “Kitty Hawk” marked the first flight in the U.S., which took place in North Carolina’s Outer Banks.
North Carolina

North Carolina has a large scale, a diverse population, and a booming economy, from the Appalachian Mountains to the Atlantic.  According to the recent Census figures, North Carolina ranked 4th in numerical growth and 10th in percentage growth between 2018 and 2019. The Carolina Population Center notes, “It’s the fourth year in a row that over 100,000 new people have been growing in North Carolina.” Living expectancy is lower for residents of North Carolina than the U.S. national average. In accordance with the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, men in North Carolina lived an average of 75.4 years, compared to a national average of 76.7 years in 2014. The average number of women living in North Carolina was 80.2 years, compared to the national average of 81.5 years.

8. Georgia

State Capital: Atlanta
Major Cities:Atlanta, Columbus, Savannah, and Athens
Fact:Thanks to the generous tax credits for film productions, Georgia is now a major hub for the film industry.

Atlanta is the capital of Georgia and facing the fifth largest growth in the United States. Major companies, Lines and Coca-Cola, are home to it. According to the U.S Census Bureau, Georgia has attractive tourist places and a population density of 184.61 per square mile, the 17th highest density in the country. According to the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, many of the people are located in and around Atlanta & Columbus. According to the latest U.S census data, its Population has increased a little by more than 106,000 between 2018 and 2019, making it one of the USA’s ten most populated states for numerical growth.

7. Ohio

State Capital: Columbus
Major Cities:Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Dayton, Parma, Canton, and Youngstown
Fact:Ohio is famous for being a “swing state” during national elections

Ohio is the home to large rural areas and several big cities for its Buckeye trees (i.e., Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati). Ohio has a football team named Ohio State Buckeyes and the population density of Ohio is 286.07 people per square mile. WOSU Public Media reports that Ohio’s overall population growth is slowing and dropping in the last few years. But the town of Columbus recently has seen a dramatic population increase. Columbus is “one of the largest numeric additions in the country’s population,” reported by WOSU Public Media, which has a population of 1,644,000 in the last census of 2019.

6. Illinois

State Capital: Springfield
Major Cities:Chicago, Springfield, Aurora, Rockford, Joliet, Naperville, and Peoria
Fact:Illinois is nicknamed as “The Prairie”.

Illinois is often called “the Land of Lincoln,” where the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, best business school, and best museum are located. Chicago(one of the most crowded cities of Illinois) is home to over 2 million people. The state’s ‘population’ from 2010 to 2019 dropped by 168,700.’ The data from the U.S. Census Bureau show from 2018 to 2019 that the Population of Illinois has decreased by 51,250. With 41,585 people in the current census of 2019, Belleville is the most populous town of Illinois. 

5. Pennsylvania

State Capital: Harrisburg
Major Cities:Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, Lancaster, Bethlehem, Levittown, and Harrisburg
Fact:Michigan is considered the U.S. automotive industry capital, with several major car companies.

Pennsylvania has an important role in American history. Philadelphia is the city of Pennsylvania, drawn up in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. It is now one of the preeminent financial states for several Fortune 500 companies. This state has the 9th densest Population. According to U.S. Census Bureau data, 286.12 people per square mile are living in Pennsylvania. And around Philadelphia(one of the largest cities of Pennsylvania) has a large population. More than 1.5 million people live in this largest city.

4. New York

State Capital: Albany
Major Cities:New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, Syracuse, and Albany
Fact:New York City makes up almost half of the entire Population.
Times Square, New York City

New York is the most populous and major city in the country. This emblematic city is one of the world’s largest economic, commercial and cultural centers. Many people live in New York City from all over the world. Despite the large population of New York, it still has a year after year decline in Population. Under the United States Census Bureau, New York was one of 10 states with lost people between 2018 and 2019, around 76,790 people.

3. Florida

State Capital: Tallahassee
Major Cities:Tallahassee, Orlando, Miami, Tampa, Jacksonville, St. Petersburg, Hialeah, and Fort Lauderdale
Fact:The Florida Everglades, visited by over one million people every year, is the largest tropical wilderness east of the Mississippi River.

You’ll find it in Florida if you’re looking for warm, balmy winters. The average South Florida temperature between January and February is around 75 degrees, making it the first place to be pleased with year-round beach weather and has one of the largest beach. Under the United States Census Bureau data, Florida’s population density is 400,52 persons a mile. Between 2018 and 2019, Florida ranked second in numerical development and 233,420 new residents in only one year, as stated by the U.S. Census Bureau. 

2. Texas

State Capital: Austin
Major Cities:Houston, San Antonio, Dallas, Austin, Fort Worth, Irving, Plano, and Corpus Christi
Fact:The popular Texas slogan, “Don’t Mess with Texas,” comes from a 1990’s anti-littering advertising campaign, according to The New York Times.

Texas is the second-largest U.S. state (after California). It is the fourth most crowded city in the U.S., and the country’s fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical regions are Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston. It has a population density of 109.9 people per square kilometer. Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation following the American Civil War and restored its representation in the Federal government.

1. California

State Capital: Sacramento
Major Cities:Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Oakland, Santa Ana, and Anaheim
Fact:If California were a country, it intends to be the sixth-largest economy globally, according to the World Economic Forum.

California can be a popular place to call home beaches, giant redwood, booming technology, and entertainment industries. It is one of liberal states and has a population density of 253.64 people per square kilometer. “One out of every eight U.S. residents lives in California,” the Public Policy Institute of California stated. The report notes that by 2050 the Population of California will be around 45 million.

So, these are all about the Top Ten Largest States by Population in the U.S. If you want to take a glimpse at the Population of all 50 states of the U.S., then have a look below:

RankState2023 Population 
4New York20,448,194
9North Carolina10,710,558
11New Jersey9,438,124
23South Carolina5,266,343
36New Mexico2,135,024
39West Virginia1,775,932
41New Hampshire1,395,847
44Rhode Island1,110,822
46South Dakota908,414
47North Dakota811,044

Least Populated States In The U.S.

Under the United States Census Bureau, the ten least populated states in the U.S. include: 

North Dakota811,044
South Dakota908,414
Rhode Island1,110,822
New Hampshire1,395,847

So, if you are still curious to find the data of the least populated States in the U.S., then here you can go!

1. Wyoming

Wyoming is the least populated US state, with the overall Population estimated in 2023 of 580,817 out of all 50 states. Cheyenne is the capital of Wyoming and also its largest city. 97,100 km2 with a population density of 5.8 people per square miles makes it number one of the least populated U.S. states. Yellowstone, the first national park in the United States, is located in Wyoming and now houses many animals, including the rare American bison. The mountain areas of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains are two-thirds west of Wyoming. 

2. Vermont

The northeast state of the U.S, Vermont has only 648,279 inhabitants and marks its position on number two of the least states in America. Montpelier is its capital, and Burlington is its largest town. It has 96,200 people per square mile in total and 67.7 persons per square mile in population density. Also, it is the leading maple syrup producer in the U.S. It shares its border in the north with the Province of Quebec, in the west with New York, in Massachusetts.

3. Alaska

Alaska is the fourth-least inhabited state of the U.S. Its capital is Juneau and Anchorage is its largest city. With the Population of only 740,339 persons per mile and a density of 1.26 persons per square mile, Alaska has the least Population as compared to the other 50 countries. Two oceans and two national countries touch the borders of Alaska. Westside on the Pacific Ocean; south, Russia. To the southern side, Alaska borders the Arctic Ocean.

4. North Dakota

North Dakota, which has a population of 811,044, has Bismarck as its capital, and Fargo is its largest city. It is in the Midwest Upper and is in the third position of the USA’s least populated states. Sheep, elk, and moose are included in the wildlife of this state. The north shares the border with Manitoba; in the south with South Dakota, Minnesota; in the east, Montana, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba to the west.

5. South Dakota

The capital of South Dakota is Pierre, and Sioux Falls is its biggest city. Its current population is 908,414 people per mile, and its current density is 10.9. Mount Rushmore is one of South Dakota’s popular resorts. It is attached with six states border: Montana to the north and Dakota to the north; Wyoming to the west; Nebraska to the south and Minnesota and Iowa to the east.


So, this is all about a quick overview of the United States of America’s ten most populated states. The usual suspects in the top weren’t too surprising, like New York and California don’t surprise us in the list. In the coming years, we hope to look at these states and see how the migration, death, and birth rates of their position fluctuate.

Sophia Wadke
Sophia Wadke
I am Shopia, a movie enthusiastic and I read lot of books, mostly of science fiction, thrillers and biography. Content writing is just my profession but my passion too.

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