Top 10 Historical Places of Europe

Historical Places Of Europe

This article is about historical places in Europe.

Cave monastery of Geghard

Location: Armenian



The main chapel was built in 1215, the monastery complex was founded in the 4th century by Gregory the Illuminator at the site of a sacred spring inside a cave. It stands deep in a canyon and blends in with the surrounding cliffs. The complex is partly dug out of the mountainside with annexed buildings. The two cave churches and vestibules you see today are all from the 13th century. Above the main entrance to the churches is a 10 m passage which leads to a cave chapel that is fully carved out of the mountain and has amazing acoustics. A small peephole in the corner makes it possible to look into the cave chamber. The monastery got its name “Geghardavank” – meaning “the Monastery of the Spear” – since the spear that wounded Christ on the cross was kept.


Former empires

Location: western Azerbaijan


Former home of Khans (kings) the town of Sheki, is a treasure-trove of historical architecture. On a small fortified hill, near the centre of town, sits the wonderful Palace of Sheki Khans. Also within the fort grounds are several excellently preserved Albanian churches. And while the town has a number of hotel choices, one cannot resist staying in the 18th century Caravansary Hotel. Although rather simple, this is an absolute bargain considering the building seemingly transports you back to a time long since passed. Priceless!



Location: Dalmatia



Dubrovnik is the iconic Adriatic medieval walled city. In the middle Ages it flourished in maritime trading as the city-state of Ragusa and was rivalling Venice. During the Yugoslavian war, in the beginning of the 90’s, it was sieged for seven month and got severe damaged by artillery attacks. Today Dubrovnik is again insane pretty and manicured to limit that it’s almost too much. Just to top it off, there are beaches with the most crystal-clear water you can imagine, but screamingly cold. All this makes of course Dubrovnik to the perfect tourist magnet and the stream of tourist buses also seems never-ending, but it is still possible to find adorable corners, without being run over by sunburned tour group.


Mosaic at Paphos

Location: Roman


During at long period in ancient times Paphos was a Roman city (around 2nd and 3rd century AD). It was a prosperous place where exquisite tiles floors were in high fashion among the wealthy. Each mosaic tells a story, often about Greek mythology. They are a part of the sprawling Paphos Archaeological Site which begins down at Paphos harbour.


Salamis Ancient Roman Ruins

Location: Cyprus


In 11th century BC, the town was confined to a rather small area around the harbour but soon expanded westwards to occupy the area, which today is covered by forest. The splendid Roman Ruins at Salamis is one of Cyprus’s best archaeological site. An extensive area which once was a prosperous Roman city about 2000 years ago. Though most of the structures have been reduced to crumbling walls and columns, making it hard to figure out what they once were, some have been restored to some degree, making it possible to get an idea of how grand the city of Salamis once were. The whole area is kept wild with bushes and high grass covering the ruins, making a visit rather adventurous.


Tombs of the Kings

Location: Cyprus



The collection of underground tombs, many of which date back to the 4th century BC, are carved out of solid rock, and are thought to have been the burial sites of Pathetic aristocrats and high officials up to the third century AD.Flanked by the sea on one side and resorts on the others lies this gem of an open-air museum. There are seven excavated tombs scattered over the rather large site. Some are cut into small hills, while others are underground, imitated the houses of the living. Not much is fenced off and there are staircases so you can descend into the tombs, which all are empty.


Temple of Apollo Epicurus

Location: Greece

temple of apollo epicurus

The architect Iktinos who designed the Parthenon did more than just that. On the Peloponnese peninsula, stands the by-him-designed temple of Apollo Epicurus, also called the temple of Bassae (Vasses). It is one of the best kept temples of its time and has some quite unique features. You can only walk around the temple but unfortunately not enter the central area. Inside used to be some nice friezes, which as so many ancient Greek art has been taken to London in the early 19th century.
For decades, this temple has been undergoing restoration works and in order to protect it from the elements it has been covered by a large tent, which prohibits a full-sized view. It looks like it will still be covered for quite a while. Many of the columns need to be entirely removed in order fix the fundaments of the temple.
The remote location of this temple still makes a great place to visit.


World’s Oldest Parliament

Location: Iceland


It named as Tynwald, started in 930 AD as world’s first democratic parliament. They had written laws which stated what has to be done to whom, when such and such crime was committed. At the annual assembly at Þingvellir, when people from all over Iceland would gather, these laws were recited at the Law Rock, maybe new were passed by the cheifmen, and disputes were settled. Every issue affecting Iceland were discussed on this site. Today, there are of course nothing left from the Viking age, besides the spectacular natural setting right at the rift valley created by the separation of the North American and Euroasien tectonic plates, but that will also do.



Location: Norway


Røros is a delightful old copper-mining town, consisting of turf-roofed wooden miners’ cottages. But even the newer parts of town are quaint. Surrounded by mountains that remain snow-clad until early summer, Røros is small enough to walk around. There is also an 18th century church, a museum and several galleries worthy of a visit, and cafes line the main street. While it lacks a water-front setting, it certainly gives Bergen a run for its money in terms of pure aesthetics, and is not nearly as overrun by visitors. It is also possible to go on a cold, damp, subterranean tour of the old copper-mine, some distance out of town. And if all else fails, Røros is a good place for people watching, as its inhabitants seem to enjoy dressing up in traditional folk outfits for the slightest reason.


Bronze Age cemetery

Location: Scotland

bronce age cemetry

These stone rings are prehistoric burial chambers from the late 3rd millennium BC. There are about fifty of those, so-called clava cairns. Probably the most well-known is the Balnuaran of Clava not far from Inverness. You will find three chambers, two with chamber-passages and one without, each encircled by big standing stones – a bit like Stonehenge. Cremated bones have been found inside the chambers, but else not much is known about these mysterious Bronze Age cemeteries.

Top 10 Treasures of Europe

Treasures Of Europe

Treasures of Europe  are

Street art (Berlin)


The Berlin Wall was the largest canvas in the world. This wall was open to everyone there were no restrictions on what artists could put on the wall.  The Berlin Wall was constructed in 1961 to separate Germany and Berlin during the Cold War. The wall was on the “death strip”. The term ‘street art’ is done, over,” said Mr. von Lanzenauer, pointing at Stefan Strumbel’s neon-kitsch cuckoo clocks and prints on the gallery’s walls. “I call this contemporary art. Street is just a medium.”

This is the place for people to express their opinions, especially on their preferences and dislikes from all the countries. In the 1980s, the wall was reconstructed and made 14 feet tall a place where tourists would go and admire the artwork. The West Berlin side of the wall had artwork completely covering the wall, while the East Berlin side was kept blank.

Over the past 30 years since the collection of artwork was started, much of the controversial artwork has been removed from the wall. Almost all of the wall has been removed and it only exists in places such as Potsdamer Platz, Mühlenstrasse, and Bernauer Strasse. Since the 1990s, Painting had been prohibited on the east side of the wall during the Cold War, so not a lot of new art has been added

Chocolate (Brussels)


Europe served half of the chocolates to the world and Belgium shares the income. While Brussels, the country’s capital, is home to hundreds of chocolatiers, what makes a visit imperative, at least from a chocophile’s perspective, is the rich heritage of artisanal chocolate-makers. This have their standard qualities and different flavours.

They sourcing top-quality ingredients and eschewing preservatives and unnatural additives of the dozens of caramel, marzipan, mousse, ganache and cream-filled bonbons that are stacked in neat rows down a long central counter, along with glass bowls of hand-rolled truffles, flaked with almonds and dusted in powdered sugar.

Brussels will be as if you have discovered secret treasures of the chocolate capital.

Silk (Florence)


In the small lane of San Frediano district of Florence, the sole remaining artisan silk workshop in the city. In 1786 after the floods and wars they started the small silk factory.

The art of silk-making in Florence flourished in the Renaissance, when noble families amassed fortunes and fame by producing exquisite silks. That tradition endures at Antico Setificio Fiorentino, where silks are woven by hand on antique looms using Renaissance patterns.

Many kinds of productions are made with much varieties and designs. Making

Mr. Bonas said, “To make these kinds of fabric, we cannot use the modern machines,” pulling out a roll of sumptuous blue embroidered silk velvet made with 350,000 stitches per meter. And because the small factory employs only 20 artisans, production is predictably limited and costly. Decorative pillows are adorned with hand-woven trims. And, on a table, a basket is filled with sachets made of Ermisino, a shimmering silk taffeta that dates back 500years

Scent (Istanbul)


Functioning of factory passages and taste buds are essential for appreciating the exotic scents and sweets stacked in glass cases and on black lacquer shelves around this boutique on the European side of the city, which sits astride two continents. Don’t visit Lokum Istanbul if you have a cold. Scents contain the Turkish essences like rose, fig, tea and mimosa.

Scents transforms some of those same ingredients like rose, fig and others lemon, pistachio, walnut. Scents with a hard candy in flavors like rose, fig, bergamot and cinnamon.

Tiles (Lisbon)


In Lisbon, Thousands of specimens, from the 15th century to the 1930s, fill Solar a nearly 60-year-old Lisbon tile specialist and antique dealer. And all across Portugal, the typically blue designs of azulejos, ceramic tiles are spread across churches, monasteries, castles, palaces, university halls, parks, train stations, hotel lobbies and apartment facades. The result is an embellished land of Christian saints, biblical episodes, Portuguese kings, historical glories, pastoral idylls, aristocrats at leisure, landscapes, seascapes, floral designs and, above all, geometric motifs.

Stacks of tiles and hanging panels embody historical styles such as Hispano-Moorish, Renaissance, Baroque, neo-Classical, Art Nouveau and Art Deco. Blue and white are the star colours, though yellow, green, brown and other hues sometimes play supporting roles.

A dazzling neo-Moorish geometric pattern explodes in a kaleidoscope of blue, white, emerald and caramel shapes across four tiles. Many collections of tiles were in Lisbon.

Hats (London)


In the tiny lane the Mrs Trevor-Morgan was surrounded by hats of all shapes (wide-brimmed, pillbox, beret, fascinators), in materials like silk taffeta, wool hound’s-tooth, velour felt, straw and lace. Embellishments included peacock or spiky feathers, silk flowers or sheer veils, bows or curls.

She who has designed some 65 hats for Queen Elizabeth over the last decade and creates bespoke hats for all occasions. She recommends clients make a one-hour appointment and bring along the outfit for a particular event so she can match the color. Here the hats are so trendy and fashionable.

Everyone want to wear a hat, it automatically makes you more interesting and a hat can completely change the personality of the wearer.

Guitars (Madrid)


Madrid’s storied guitar makers’ workshops can feel like stepping into the past while crossing them. Curly wood shavings, from the palest pine to ebony, cascade to the floor as artisans hone a few humble planks into acoustic works of art. It’s painstaking work all done by hand with classical guitar models and the methods of making them changing little over the last century. The monthly production of even the most seasoned craftsmen typically maxes out at two instruments per month.

The finished products will someday go out the door, gleaming with varnish and polished metal fittings, to seduce audiences from stages around the globe. The door is usually open at Mariano Conde’s, a tiny two-level workshop near the Teatro Realm. Guitar’s colourful mix of woods is less an aesthetic choice than a science. Each element of the instrument’s anatomy has specific physical and acoustic demands, and its maker knows which woods can accomplish each function.

Umbrellas (Paris)


Here a cluster of handmade umbrellas be found. Using both modern and centuries-old machines and tools, the shop’s wares. Fine and rare woods form the shafts. Handles range from sewn leather to engraved silver to carved wood inlaid with horn or jewels. Linen, cotton or silk all treated to be impermeable to water and ultraviolet rays are cut and sewn into the canopies, which might be adorned with lace, ribbon, embroidery or even ostrich feathers. The umbrellas with slim, straight beech wood stem and handle allow for easy twirling.

Toys (Prague)



This is to impress the children by the traditional toysThe inside seems less like a toy store and more like a toy closet: a single small room overstuffed with beautiful, long-haired Hamiro and boxes of Merkur metal construction. Inside one display case is an impressively realistic layout of Merkur’s O-scale model trains, on top of which are unusual stuffed animals, like the three-foot-high giraffe and packs of simple wooden toys with wheels and pull strings. Everything seems quirky and fun, and often remarkably affordable.

More important, almost everything has a real connection to the Czech lands. When you start playing with the old-fashioned wind-up metal toys, you will probably fall in love with the tiny version of the country’s classic Zetor tractor, complete with working forward and reverse gears as well as optional attachable hay wagons, cisterns, seeders and tillers. In terms of entertainment, such historic toys probably don’t have much on Candy Crush Saga.

Coffee Sets (Sarajevo)


To know Sarajevo, you must understand the importance of coffee. Making traditional coffee introduced here soon after the Ottoman Grounds are roasted, before adding boiling water. When the froth foams to the top, the rich brew is poured into a small, handle less china cup known as a fildzan which sits in a copper sheath, or zarf. The world grinds to a halt. Cigarettes are lit. Conversations take hushed tones.

But a trained ear can make out craftsmen coaxing copper into vessels used for preparing and drinking Sarajevo’s beloved beverage. They removes the lead and sanitizes the dzezva before applying a stove-ready tin lining. For others, he’ll apply a coat of tin outside and in, and engrave through to the under layer of copper in geometric patterns.

A coffee must take at least half an hour just to sit and enjoy.


National libraries of Europe


The libraries are an impressive representation of European cultural heritage throughout the centuries with short descriptions have been added to provide essential information. This treasures exhibited in this online exhibition come from national libraries from all over Europe, going back as far as the 8th century. These libraries have selected some of the most stunning artefacts in their collections, like rare and precious books, illuminated manuscripts, bookbinding’s, drawings, prints and decorated papers.

Top 10 shopping malls in Europe

Top 10 shopping malls in Europe

Shopping malls have become a lot more than just shopping venues. It has become a modern version of the park as people flock to malls just to hang out and have fun. Anything and everything that you need can be found right in the malls.

That is why some companies have taken the time and money to develop huge tracts of land into modern shopping centers. Some may require more than a day just to tour the entire place. Here now is a list of the top 10 biggest malls in the world in terms of gross space available for leasing.

MEGA Belaya Dacha

Located: Moscow, Russia

Opened: 2006

Area: 214,000 sq. Meter

Shops: over 330

MEGA The Family Shopping Centre is a chain of shopping centres in Russia owned and operated by IKEA.Each MEGA brings together in one place over 150 tenants offering goods and services. Its anchor tenants include the IKEA store, a hypermarket and a DIY store.




Puerto Venecia

Located: Zaragoza, Spain

Opened: 2007

Area: 207,000 sq. meter

El Parque Comercial Puerto Venecia está situado en la ciudad de Zaragoza (España), en el barrio de La Paz (distrito de Torrero-La Paz). En 2010 obtuvo una mención en la categoría de «Nuevas fórmulas de comercio integrado» en los premios de la Asociación Española de Centros Comerciales.Tiene una superficie bruta alquilable de 83 000 m², que aumentó el 4 de octubre de 2012 hasta los 206 000 m².

Cuenta con más de 10 000 plazas de aparcamiento[actualizar] así como otros servicios y accesos desde el centro de la ciudad y regiones colindantes. Recibe unas 5 millones de visitas anuales[actualizar], y su horario de apertura es de 10h a 22h.




Shopping centre sud

Located: Wien, Austria

Opened: 1976

Area: 190,000 sq. Meter

Shops: 330

The Shopping City Süd (SCS) is a shopping centre located in Vösendorf and Wiener Neudorf, south of Vienna, Austria.

With a leasable area of 173,000 square metres, it is the biggest shopping mall in Austria. It contains over 330 shops and has around 4,500 employees.

In December 2007, the SCS was sold for €607 million to French real estate company Unibail-Rodamco, which also owns the Donauzentrum.




Westfield Stratford city

Located: London, UK

Opened: 2011

Area: 176,000 sq. Meter

Shops: over 250

Westfield Stratford City  is a shopping centre in Stratford, London. The centre opened on 13 September 2011. With a total retail floor area of 1,883,700 square feet (175,000 m2), it is one of the largest urban shopping centres in Europe. It is the third-largest shopping centre in the United Kingdom by retail space behind the MetroCentre and the Trafford Centre. Taking the surrounding shopping area into account, it is the largest urban shopping centre in the European Union in terms of size.


westfield stratford city


MEGA Family Shopping Centre – Khimki – Moscow Oblast

Located: Moscow, Russia

Opened: 2004

Area: 175,000 sq. Meter

Shops: Over 250

MEGA The Family Shopping Centre is a chain of shopping centres in Russia owned and operated by IKEA.Each MEGA brings together in one place over 150 tenants offering goods and services. Its anchor tenants include the IKEA store, a hypermarket and a DIY store.

At the moment there are 14 MEGA centres in Russia: 3 in Moscow, 2 in Saint Petersburg, and 1 each in Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Ekaterinburg, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don, Adygea (near Krasnodar), Samara, Ufa, and Omsk. MEGA Belaya Dacha in Belaya Dacha, Kotelniki, Moscow oblast is the second largest shopping mall in Russia, the largest outside of Moscow and one of the largest in Europe.


MEGA Family Shopping Centre – Khimki – Moscow Oblast



Metro centre

Located: Newcastle, UK

Opened: 1986

Area: 174,000sq.m

Shops: 340 shops

The Intu Metrocentre, formerly MetroCentre and known on road signs as Metro Centre, is a shopping centre in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England.

Located in Dunston, Gateshead, on a former industrial site near to the River Tyne, the Metrocentre opened in stages, with the first phase opening on 28 April 1986 and the official opening on 14 October 1986. It has more than 340 shops occupying 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) of retail floor space, making it the largest shopping and leisure centre in the UK Additional retail space is available in the adjoining Metro Retail Park and MetrOasis.


Marineda city

Located: Lacoruria, Spain

Opened: 2011

Area: 170,000 sq. meter

Marineda City can get very busy especially at the weekends so is best enjoyed during the week. It’s a great place to combine shopping with a spot of leisure with a choice of bowling,mini golf,cinemas,a children’s play area,an ice rink and karting not to mention the eating establishments and bars

Marineda city

Golden Babylon Rostokino

Located: Moscow, Russia

Opened: 2009

Area: 169,000sq.meter

Shops: 400 stores

With a total lettable area of some 168,000 m² Golden Babylon Rostokino is one of Europe’s largest shopping malls. Two metro stations are within a 15 minute walk and various bus and tram stops are situated directly in front of the premises. A shuttle bus service transports the customers between the shopping centre and four metro stations.


Golden Babylon Rostokino

Mega Teplyi Stan

Located: Moscow, Russia

Opened: 2002

Area: 155,000

It is a new concept for a shopping center. It offers shopping, leisure and comfort for the whole family.MEGA aims to set new standards in shopping for all visitors. MEGA wins the first place in trade sector and is the largest operator in the market, acclaimed as the best shopping center.

Mega Teplyi Stan

The Trafford Centre

Located: Manchester, UK

Opened: 1998

Area: 153,000sq.meter

The Trafford Centre is a large indoor shopping centre and leisure complex in Dumplington, Greater Manchester, England. Situated in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, the centre is situated close to the Trafford Park industrial estate and lies approximately five miles west of Manchester city centre. The Trafford Centre opened in 1998 and is the second largest shopping centre in the United Kingdom by retail size. It was developed by the Peel Group and is currently owned by Intu Properties following a £1.65 billion sale in 2011 – the largest single property acquisition in British history.As of 2016, the centre has a market value of £1.9 billion.

 The Trafford Centre