Top 10 Historical Places of Europe

Historical Places Of Europe

This article is about historical places in Europe.

Cave monastery of Geghard

Location: Armenian

cave

 

The main chapel was built in 1215, the monastery complex was founded in the 4th century by Gregory the Illuminator at the site of a sacred spring inside a cave. It stands deep in a canyon and blends in with the surrounding cliffs. The complex is partly dug out of the mountainside with annexed buildings. The two cave churches and vestibules you see today are all from the 13th century. Above the main entrance to the churches is a 10 m passage which leads to a cave chapel that is fully carved out of the mountain and has amazing acoustics. A small peephole in the corner makes it possible to look into the cave chamber. The monastery got its name “Geghardavank” – meaning “the Monastery of the Spear” – since the spear that wounded Christ on the cross was kept.

 

Former empires

Location: western Azerbaijan

townofsheki

Former home of Khans (kings) the town of Sheki, is a treasure-trove of historical architecture. On a small fortified hill, near the centre of town, sits the wonderful Palace of Sheki Khans. Also within the fort grounds are several excellently preserved Albanian churches. And while the town has a number of hotel choices, one cannot resist staying in the 18th century Caravansary Hotel. Although rather simple, this is an absolute bargain considering the building seemingly transports you back to a time long since passed. Priceless!

 

Dubrovnik

Location: Dalmatia

dubrovnik

 

Dubrovnik is the iconic Adriatic medieval walled city. In the middle Ages it flourished in maritime trading as the city-state of Ragusa and was rivalling Venice. During the Yugoslavian war, in the beginning of the 90’s, it was sieged for seven month and got severe damaged by artillery attacks. Today Dubrovnik is again insane pretty and manicured to limit that it’s almost too much. Just to top it off, there are beaches with the most crystal-clear water you can imagine, but screamingly cold. All this makes of course Dubrovnik to the perfect tourist magnet and the stream of tourist buses also seems never-ending, but it is still possible to find adorable corners, without being run over by sunburned tour group.

 

Mosaic at Paphos

Location: Roman

pophos

During at long period in ancient times Paphos was a Roman city (around 2nd and 3rd century AD). It was a prosperous place where exquisite tiles floors were in high fashion among the wealthy. Each mosaic tells a story, often about Greek mythology. They are a part of the sprawling Paphos Archaeological Site which begins down at Paphos harbour.

 

Salamis Ancient Roman Ruins

Location: Cyprus

salamis

In 11th century BC, the town was confined to a rather small area around the harbour but soon expanded westwards to occupy the area, which today is covered by forest. The splendid Roman Ruins at Salamis is one of Cyprus’s best archaeological site. An extensive area which once was a prosperous Roman city about 2000 years ago. Though most of the structures have been reduced to crumbling walls and columns, making it hard to figure out what they once were, some have been restored to some degree, making it possible to get an idea of how grand the city of Salamis once were. The whole area is kept wild with bushes and high grass covering the ruins, making a visit rather adventurous.

 

Tombs of the Kings

Location: Cyprus

tombsofkings

 

The collection of underground tombs, many of which date back to the 4th century BC, are carved out of solid rock, and are thought to have been the burial sites of Pathetic aristocrats and high officials up to the third century AD.Flanked by the sea on one side and resorts on the others lies this gem of an open-air museum. There are seven excavated tombs scattered over the rather large site. Some are cut into small hills, while others are underground, imitated the houses of the living. Not much is fenced off and there are staircases so you can descend into the tombs, which all are empty.

 

Temple of Apollo Epicurus

Location: Greece

temple of apollo epicurus

The architect Iktinos who designed the Parthenon did more than just that. On the Peloponnese peninsula, stands the by-him-designed temple of Apollo Epicurus, also called the temple of Bassae (Vasses). It is one of the best kept temples of its time and has some quite unique features. You can only walk around the temple but unfortunately not enter the central area. Inside used to be some nice friezes, which as so many ancient Greek art has been taken to London in the early 19th century.
For decades, this temple has been undergoing restoration works and in order to protect it from the elements it has been covered by a large tent, which prohibits a full-sized view. It looks like it will still be covered for quite a while. Many of the columns need to be entirely removed in order fix the fundaments of the temple.
The remote location of this temple still makes a great place to visit.

 

World’s Oldest Parliament

Location: Iceland

worldoldest

It named as Tynwald, started in 930 AD as world’s first democratic parliament. They had written laws which stated what has to be done to whom, when such and such crime was committed. At the annual assembly at Þingvellir, when people from all over Iceland would gather, these laws were recited at the Law Rock, maybe new were passed by the cheifmen, and disputes were settled. Every issue affecting Iceland were discussed on this site. Today, there are of course nothing left from the Viking age, besides the spectacular natural setting right at the rift valley created by the separation of the North American and Euroasien tectonic plates, but that will also do.

 

Roros

Location: Norway

roros

Røros is a delightful old copper-mining town, consisting of turf-roofed wooden miners’ cottages. But even the newer parts of town are quaint. Surrounded by mountains that remain snow-clad until early summer, Røros is small enough to walk around. There is also an 18th century church, a museum and several galleries worthy of a visit, and cafes line the main street. While it lacks a water-front setting, it certainly gives Bergen a run for its money in terms of pure aesthetics, and is not nearly as overrun by visitors. It is also possible to go on a cold, damp, subterranean tour of the old copper-mine, some distance out of town. And if all else fails, Røros is a good place for people watching, as its inhabitants seem to enjoy dressing up in traditional folk outfits for the slightest reason.

 

Bronze Age cemetery

Location: Scotland

bronce age cemetry

These stone rings are prehistoric burial chambers from the late 3rd millennium BC. There are about fifty of those, so-called clava cairns. Probably the most well-known is the Balnuaran of Clava not far from Inverness. You will find three chambers, two with chamber-passages and one without, each encircled by big standing stones – a bit like Stonehenge. Cremated bones have been found inside the chambers, but else not much is known about these mysterious Bronze Age cemeteries.

Strangest Pre-Historical Animals in the world

Strangest pre-historical animals

strangest pre-historical animals-The world is cluttered with so many different creatures — some cute, some scary and some just plainly bizarre. However, the animals of today have nothing on the creatures that lived on Earth during prehistoric times. From miniature bird looking rodents to the behemoths beneath the waves, these are strangest prehistoric creatures to roam the Earth.

 Chest Spike/Chest spine

Continue reading “Strangest Pre-Historical Animals in the world”

Top 10 ancient arts in the world

Top 10 ancient arts in the World

Art has been a part of expression since the evolution of the mankind. The discovery of pre-historic sculptures, cave art suggest that different form of arts were practiced throughout the evolution of mankind. Even though the way of expressing ideas through art was different at that time, it can be predicted that the way of expressing, inner emotion through different form of art was existed. Continue reading “Top 10 ancient arts in the world”

Top 10 ancient languages in the world

Ancient languages in the world

There are about 6000 languages that exist today. Language began thousands of years ago and determining the oldest of them is a hot debate. Researchers continuously search for proof of the earliest existing languages even though it is a very difficult task. Therefore, many contenders make the list for the oldest languages. Let’s take a look at the top ten ancient languages in the world. Continue reading “Top 10 ancient languages in the world”

Top 10 Ancient Civilization in the World

Ancient civilization

In the course of human evolution, at a certain point in time, the idea of living in a group with mutual understanding and dependency became a very useful and practical lifestyle. From such small isolated groups, communities were formed. Then came the societies which in due time became a civilization. How the human mentality and psychology led to this huge change is still a popular topic among the historians and anthropologist, and a major discussion for another day.For now, let’s talk about some of the oldest civilizations to have ever existed in the world. We are talking about the civilizations that we know, as fact, existed for real, unlike the ones that are shrouded by myths and beliefs (Atlantis, Lemuria and Rama civilizations to name a few). To correctly map the ancient of the civilizations in a chronological order, it becomes necessary to go the very cradle of civilization. Having said that, here is a list of top 10 oldest civilizations to ever exist in the world, starting with the most recent one first.

Mesopotamian Civilization

Mesopotamian Civilization

It was somewhere around 8000 BC that people find the concept of agriculture, and slowly started to domesticate animals for both the purpose of food as well as to assist in agriculture. People had already been creating art much before all that. But all this was a part of human culture, not a human civilization. Mesopotamia is generally credited with being the first place where civilized societies truly began to take shape.

And then the Mesopotamians rose, refining, adding and formalizing all these systems, combining them to form the first civilization.

Mayan civilization

mayan civilization

By 700 BC, the Mayans had already devised their own way of writing which they used to create their own solar calendars carved in the stones. The ancient Mayan civilization started in Central America from about 2600 BC. The most sophisticated civilization with a booming population of about 19 million at its peak. According to them, the world was created on August 11, 3114 BC, which is the date their calendar counts from. And the supposed end was on December 21, 2012.

The ancient Mayans were culturally richer when compared to many of the contemporary civilizations. The Mayans and Aztecs both built pyramids, many of which are larger than in Egypt.

Chinese civilization

chinese civilization

The Yellow river civilization is said to be the cradle of entire Chinese civilization as this is where the earliest dynasties were based. It was around the 2700 BC that the legendary Yellow Emperor began his rule, a point in time that later led to the birth of many dynasties that went on to rule the mainland China.

Xia dynasty

Xia dynasty

Xia dynasty became on 2070 BC, first to rule the entire China as described in ancient historical chronicles. Then on, there came a number of dynasties that held control over China in different periods of time until the end of Qing dynasty in 1912 AD with the Xinhai revolution. They gave the world some of the most useful inventions and products such as gunpowder, paper, printing, compass, alcohol, cannons and many more.

Greek civilization

greek civilization

The ancient Greeks may not have been one of the oldest civilizations, but they have ever existed in the world. Even though the rise of ancient Greece came from the Cycladic and Minoan civilization (2700 BC – 1500 BC), there are evidences of burials found in the Franchthi Cave in the Argolid, Greece that dates back around 7250 BC. These periods also saw a number of ancient Greeks come into limate.The Greeks created the ancient Olympics, the concept of democracy and a senate. They created the base for modern geometry, biology, physics and what not. Also Pythagoras, Archimedes, Socrates, Euclid, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the great.

Olmec civilization

Olmec civilization

One of the earliest and most advanced Mesoamerican cultures at the time, they are often considered the mother culture of many other Mesoamerican cultures. The first signs of the Olmec are around 1400 BC in the city of San Lorenzo. The Olmec inhabited the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico and One of the first Mesoamerican societies, the main Olmec settlement which was supported by two other centres, Tenochtitlan and Potrero Nuevo. The Olmec have the major sites containing ceremonial courts, house mounds, large conical pyramids and stone monuments including the colossal head. The Olmec civilization relied heavily on trade, both between different Olmec regions and with other Mesoamerican societies

Persian civilization

Persian civilization

There was a time when ancient Persian civilization was in fact the most powerful empires in the world. That they covered over 2 million square miles. From the southern portions of Egypt to parts of Greece and then east to parts of India, the Persian Empire was known for its military strength and wise rulers.

But then came King Cyrus II, who later on came to be known as Cyrus the great, came into power and unified the entire Persian Kingdom. But it all changed when the legendary soldier of Macedon, Alexander the great, brought the whole Persian Empire down to its knees and effectively ended the civilization in 530 BC.

Roman civilization

romancivilization
The Roman Civilization came into picture around the 6th century BC. Even the story behind the foundation of the ancient Rome is something of a legend, it’s full of myths. But at the height of its power, the Romans ruled over the biggest chunk of land in that era Early Rome was governed by kings, but after only seven of them had ruled, the Romans took power over their own city and ruled themselves. But eventually, the empire of Rome became so vast that it simply was not possible to bring it within a single rule. The Roman Empire in the end was overrun by millions of barbarians from the north and east of Europe.

Indus valley civilization

Indus valley civilization

One of the oldest civilizations in this list, the Indus valley civilization lies at the very cradle of subsequent civilization that arose in the region of the Indus valley. Entire populations of people were settled around the basins of the Indus River, one of the major rivers in Asia. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley Civilization making them the first urban centres in the region. The people of the Indus Civilization achieved great accuracy in measuring length, mass, and time.

Aksumite Empire

 

Aksumite Empire

The Aksumite Empire began in the first century AD in what is now Ethiopia and is believed to be the home of the Queen of Sheba. Aksum was a major trade centre with exports of ivory, agricultural resources and gold being traded throughout the Red Sea trade network and onward to the Roman Empire and east towards India. Because of this, Aksum was a very wealthy society and was the first African culture to issue its own coinage, which in ancient times was a sign of great importance. The most recognizable monuments of Aksum are the steal, giant carved obelisks that acted as the grave markers of kings and nobles. Early Aksumites worshipped several gods but their main god was called Astar. In 324 AD, King Ezana II was converted to Christianity and from then on Aksum was a zealously Christian culture, and is even allegedly the home of the Ark of the Covenant.